Jitiya, also Jivitputrika is a sacred Hindu event observed by mothers, generally for the overall wellbeing, good mental-physical health, growth, happiness, safety etc of their children. The Jitiya event is for 3 days. Jitiya marks prayers and Vrat, strict fasting by mothers, and a fast even without water consumption called Nirjala for a day. ‘Nir’ means without, ‘jala’ means water. Many mothers pray to God at this time to seek blessings for their children and auspiciousness. Prayers are performed especially to Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, Lord Krishna, and Lord Surya.
The event is prominent in parts of Nepal, Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand and west Uttar Pradesh, and some other communities as well. Similar festivity for children’s wellbeing is called Jhakri in Punjab, held around the time just before Diwali.
The 1st day of the event Jitiya, i.e., the 1st of October in 2018, marks an observation called Nahai Khai. ‘Nahai’ means to bathe, especially early in the morning, and ‘Khai’ means to eat. On Nahai Khai, mothers take meal only after a very early morning bath.
The 2nd day, i.e., the 2nd of October in 2018, is the main observation called Jivitputrika. Mothers carry out a strict Vrat, fast called Khur Jitiya. This is one of the only fasts where water is not consumed through the day along with no meal.
The 3rd day, i.e., the 3rd of October in 2018, is the end and celebration time of the whole event. The breaking of the fast called locally Paaran, meaning Parana takes place. Sanskrit word ‘Parana’ means over, finish, completeness, accomplishing. Special food items and sweets are prepared; some regional popular food items like Noni Ka Saag, Jhor Bhaat, Litti Makuni, Pakora etc.
The date of Jitiya is determined as per the Hindu Lunar Calendar. Jitiya falls from the 7th to the 9th lunar day, Tithi, of the Krishna Paksha in the Hindu 7th month of Ashvin. Krishna Paksha is the waning-decreasing phase of the moon in the fortnight. Ashvin month corresponds to Gregorian mid-end September to mid-end October period. In 2018, Jitiya is starting on the 1st of October.
The legend behind Jitiya is that once an eagle and a fox passed by ladies who were observing a fast and performing prayers. The eagle and the fox decided to perform the same, like the ladies. However, the fox felt hungry in between the fast and broke the fast and ate; while the eagle observed the fast strictly, devotedly. This resulted that the fox’s newly born children died after a few days of birth, while children of the eagle lived a full long life.
Astrology provides insight into aspects of child birth, parents and their children, especially according to the respective Janam Kundlis. In Astrology, the main planet for children is Ketu. The House for children in a Janam Kundli, the natal-birth chart is the 5th. For mother is Chandra, the moon. The House for mother is the 4th.
Astrology provides cures, solutions, remedies and Upays to make favorable features like healthy child, good mental-physical development of child, overall child growth, child’s long life, knowledge, education, sports, parent’s support and psyche, family happiness, emotional part, career guidance, interest-tendency, child’s nature as per Rashi etc.
A common Mantra for the good, wellbeing of children is—
Shreen Hreen Kleen Glaun Devakeesut Govind Vaasudev Jagatpate Dehi Me Tanyaati Krishna Tvaamahan Sharanan Gate
ॐ श्रीं ह्रीं क्लीं ग्लौं देवकीसुत गोविन्द वासुदेव जगत्पते देहि मे तनयं कृष्ण त्वामहं शरणं गतः