Karwa Chauth is a devotional ceremony, ritual, festivity performed by married females in honor of their spouses. Karwa is also spelt Karva. Karwa Chauth is more prominent in northern India and Nepal. It is observed once every year. Many wives perform prayers for a long, healthy, prosperous life of their husbands, and for a happy married life. In the Indian society, a girl is regarded as Lakshmi – true wealth, wife as the better half of the man etc.
The date of Karwa Chauth every year is determined as per the Hindu lunar calendar. Karwa Chauth falls on Chaturthi, 4th day in Krishna Paksha in the Hindu 8th month of Kartik. Krishna Paksha is the waning-decreasing phase of the moon in the fortnight. In 2018, it falls on the 27th of October, Saturday.
On the day of Karwa Chauth, ladies observe a fast from sunrise, through the day. They dress up nicely, and many wear traditional, wedding-bridal type clothes. Many put Sindur, a sacred red powder on their head front hair. Many apply Mehendi, and wear bangles, jewelry, and other accessories.
The ladies break the fast in the evening, after prayers and the sighting of the moon. While viewing the moon, they hold an Atta Channi, a bigger flour sieve, facing the moon. The ladies first view the moon and then the husband through the sieve. They pour water in the direction of the moon, towards it. Then they distribute sweets in the family, among friends, in neighborhood etc. Many prepare special meals.
According to an ancient legend, a queen named Veervati lost her husband due to his death, for mistaking moon rise and breaking the fast. She was heartbroken, and the Goddess appeared and advised her to observe Karwa Chauth again devotedly and with full dedication. On observing this, Veervati got the mercy of God Yama, the God of Death, who brought her husband back to life.
It is believed that the concept of marriage was introduced in the Indian peninsula, in Hinduism, thousands of years ago. In Hinduism, marriage is a sacred coming together, sacramental union of a couple and the families, planned for a lifetime. It is also to complete family, religious and spiritual duties and obligations. Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world.
Janam Kundli match matching also is from the ancient Vedic times. In Hinduism, generally, polygamy, extramarital affairs, adultery etc are not accepted to date in society. In Sikhism and many other religions also, it is against the religion. A divorce is still considered a taboo in many Indian societies and classes in India and Nepal. Most global laws do not permit it either.
To mention, the concept of arranged marriage is on the decline, particularly in the urban areas. At times, especially in the influential, business, political, entertainment etc circles-families’ alliances, marriages are sometimes regarded as a social tie up. Some regard it as taking forward family and-or wealth legacy, inheritance, family lineage tree, like-mindedness etc.
On the auspicious occasion of Karwa Chauth, we wish a happy married life for all.