The months of Ramadan and Muharram are considered among the holiest months in the Islam religion, of the 4 months; Muharram is the 1st month, and Ramadan aka Ramzan marks the 9th Islamic calendar month. Ramadan is also related to the Eid al-Fitr. The 4 sacred Islamic months are Muharram, Dhul-Hijjah, Dhul-Qa’da, and Rajab.
The word ‘Muharram’ means forbidden. ‘Muharram’ is often said to be the ‘Month of Allah’, the God. Muharram marks the start of the New Year in the Islamic lunar calendar, Al Hijri, but also the death of Imam Hussain ibn Ali in the year 680AD. Imam Hussain ibn Ali was the grandson of Prophet Mohammed. The name is also spelt Imam Husayn. Muharram is a gazetted holiday in India.
Muharram is the time to the commemoration, mark start of the Islamic calendar New Year, the 1st month of the Islamic lunar year, but also a time for mourning of the death of Imam Hussain. It is also believed that God created the first Man and Woman, Adam and Eve that were sent to Earth on the 10th of Muharram. It is depicted in the Abrahamic religions; believed in the Christianity, Judaism beliefs also. It is referred in the holy book Quran too. Ibrahim was also born in the month of Muharram.
The 10th day of the Muharram is called the Day of Ashura. It is the final day of the 10-day Muharram, the main day of fast observance. The main purpose of observing fast on the Day of Ashura is to seek forgiveness for any sins committed in the previous year.
Many natives observe fast at the Muharram time. It is considered very auspicious and rewarding-fruitful. However, to many, it is the month of inauspiciousness due to the battle of Karbala, in which Imam Hussain died. Karbala is in the present day central Iraq. Many natives avoid marriages at this time. Millions of Muslims from different countries visit the Imam Husayn Shrine site in Karbala each year. India’s spiritual leader Sri Sri Ravi Shankar visited the shrine in 2007.