Each planet in our solar system has its own speed, speed variance from time-to-time, elliptical path etc in their respective orbital journey-course around the Sun. One of the main factors in these aspects is the distance of the planet from the Sun. Saturn is the 6th planet from the Sun and is one of the outer planets. Saturn, due to its enormous distance from the Sun, i.e., about 1.433 billion km, internet source, takes about 29.4 Earth years to complete one revolution around the Sun.
Saturn, called Shani in Hindi–Sanskrit has a great significance in Astrology; it is one of the Navgrahas. It is masculine. Saturn is considered a slow-moving planet, generally a malefic one and a strict serious planet. Saturn represents justice, judges, lawmaker, teacher, struggle, work, deeds, hardship, punisher, Sade-Sati aspect etc. Saturn rules Capricorn and Aquarius, and Houses 10th and the 11th.
The astrological colors associated with Saturn are blue and black. The gemstone for Saturn is the blue sapphire, Neelam. Saturn is friends with Mercury, Venus and Rahu; Saturn is neutral with its neighbor Jupiter; Saturn is opponents with the Sun, Earth’s moon and Mars.
Saturn has been in retrograde, slow in motion since the 18th of April 2018. From the 6th of September 2018, Saturn is becoming progressive, moving in forward motion. It will remain progressive until the 30th of April 2019. This feature has different meanings and implications for different zodiac signs, houses, placement-positioning etc, and varies from native-to-native, as each native has a unique Kundli, natal-birth chart.
Deities associated with Saturn are Lord Shani Dev, Lord Shiva, Lord Hanuman, God Cronus (Greek-Roman).
Saturdays are dedicated to Saturn. Saturday is called Shanivaar in Hindi, Zaterday in Dutch, Saturni in Latin, Sabado in Spanish, Samstag in German etc.
The purpose to please and worship Saturn is for happiness in life; avoid miseries and extremely difficult times, to liven aspects like justice, Karma etc.; to stop the struggle, to make luck-fate favorable and so forth. It also helps in curing certain diseases like related to cancer, liver and the nervous system. Many natives visit Shani temples, like Shani Temple Shingnapur, Shani Dham Delhi etc.
A Mantra for Saturn, Shani is–
Neelaanjana Samaabhaasam Ravi Putram Yamaagrajam,
Chaaya Martaanda Sambhuutam Tam Namaami
निलान्जन समाभासं रविपुत्रं यमाग्रजम।छायामार्तंड संभूतं तं नमामि शनैश्चरम