Varaha Jayanti is an annual Hindu event on one of the ten incarnations of the top three Hindu supreme deities – Lord Vishnu. This avatar of Lord Vishnu is called Lord Varaha. Varaha Jayanti is the birth-appearance celebration of this 3rd incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Varaha Jayanti falls on the 12th of September in 2018. Varaha Jayanti typically comes one day before the start of the prominent Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations, every year. The observance and meanings of both these events is different and independent of each other.
The date of Varaha Jayanti is determined as per the Hindu lunar calendar. It falls on the 2nd day, Dwitiya Tithi, of the Shukla Paksha, in the Hindu month of Bhadrapada. Shukla Paksha is the waxing-rising phase of the moon in the fortnight. It corresponds to the Gregorian August-September period.
As above, Lord Varaha was the 3rd incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Varaha, a Sanskrit word, means the wild boar avatar of Lord Vishnu. Lord Varaha was in the man-boar form. Lord Vishnu takes the form of Varaha, the wild boar to rescue the Earth and protect it from the devil Hiranyaksha. Hiranyaksha was the younger brother of Hiranyakashipu. They were born to Sage Kashyapa Muni. Lord Vishnu in the form of Varaha conquered the deep ocean to save the Earth against the devil Hiranyaksha.
Some of the other avatars of Lord Vishnu are like Narasimha -man-lion, Kurma – tortoise, Krishna, Matsya – the fish, Parshurama – related to Lord Rama etc.
The celebration of Varaha Jayanti includes Lord Vishnu devotees visiting the Lord Vishnu and Lord Varaha temples. They offer prayers, Puja. Many place flowers on the statue of Lord Varaha. Varaha Jayanti is mainly observed in south India, but also among the Vaishnava sects across India and Nepal. They also seek the blessings of Lord Vishnu for happiness, good health-wealth, and destruction of the evil on this occasion.
Varaha temples like Sri VarahaSwami Temple in the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh, Bhu Varaha Temple, Sri Adi Varaha Temple, Lord Varaha Temple Mathura etc are famous. Lord Varaha statues can be found in ancient caves. There are many ancient Varaha statues.
A Mantra for Lord Vishnu is—
Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya
ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय